Number of asylum seekers in Europe in 2015

Definition of asylum applicants:

„*Asylum applicant‘ means a person having submitted an application for international protection or having been included in such application as a family member during the reference period. ‚Application for international protection‘ means an application for international protection as defined in Art.2(h) of Directive 2011/95/EU, i.e. a request made by a third-country national or a stateless person for protection from a Member State, who can be understood to seek refugee status or subsidiary protection status, and who does not explicitly request another kind of protection, outside the scope of this Directive, that can be applied for separately.“ – European Union (Eurostat)



„These data are supplied to Eurostat by the national Ministries of Interior and related official agencies. Data is presented by country and for groups of countries: the European Union (EU28, EU27) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA).“ – European Union (Eurostat)


Statistical concepts and further definitions:

„This definition* is intended to refer to all who apply for protection on an individual basis, irrespective of whether they lodge their application on arrival at the airport or land border, or from inside the country, and irrespective of whether they entered the territory legally (e.g. as a tourist) or illegally (see Art4.1 (a) of the Regulation).

  • Applications submitted by persons who are subsequently found to be a subject of a Dublin procedure (Regulation (EU) No 604/2013) are included in the number of asylum applications.
  • Persons who are transferred to another Member State in application of the Dublin Regulation are reported as asylum applicants also in the Menber State where they are transferred to.
  • Within the same reference period every person being a subject of asylum application is counted only once, therefore repeat applications are not recorded if the first application has been lodged in the same reference period. However, such a repeat application will be recorded if lodged in a different reference month. It means that the aggregation of the monthly figures may overestimate the number of persons applying for international protection within the aggregated period (year).

‚First time asylum applicant‘ means a person having submitted an application for international protection for the first time. Applications submitted by persons who are subsequently found to be a subject of a Dublin procedure are included in the statistics on first time asylum applicants if such persons are also a subject of first asylum application. The term ‚first time‘ implies no time limits and therefore a person can be recorded as first time applicant only if he or she had never applied for international protection in the reporting country in the past, irrespective of the fact that he or she is found to have applied in another Member State of the European Union. All Member States are requested to supply these data but their provision is voluntary.

Person being a subject of ‚a pending application‘ means a person who is the subject of application for international protection under consideration by the responsible national authority at the end of the reference period. It includes the number of persons with pending applications at all instances of the administrative and/or judicial procedure (see Art 4.1(b) of the Regulation).

‚Applications withdrawn‘ means applications for asylum having been withdrawn during the reference period at all instances of the administrative and/or judicial procedure (see Art.4.1(c) of the Regulation).

‚Asylum applicants considered to be unaccompanied minors‘ means all applicants for international protection who are considered by the national authority to be unaccompanied minors during the reference period and relates to Art 4.3(a) of the Regulation. ‚Unaccompanied minor‘ means minor as defined in Article 2(l) of Directive 2011/95/EU i.e. a minor who arrives on the territory of the Member States unaccompanied by an adult responsible for him or her whether by law or by the practice of the Member State concerned, and for as long as he or she is not effectively taken into the care of such a person; it includes a minor who is left unaccompanied after he or she has entered the territory of the Member States.“ – European Union (Eurostat)


Data source: European Union (Eurostat)

Metadata: Eurostat

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